The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) predicts that dry areas will experience higher temperatures, more frequent droughts, and increasing water scarcity over the coming decades. For agriculture and food production this could mean declining productivity, shorter growing seasons, and less cultivable land. If temperatures rise by 4 °C – as some models predict – vast swathes of the dry areas could see their growing seasons cut short by more than 20 percent. The result: poverty, food insecurity, instability, and growing dependence on costly food imports.
We need smart investments in agricultural research for development to address these challenges. For over four decades ICARDA has been at the forefront of developing practical solutions to help rural communities strengthen their resilience and enhance climate change adaptation. Our approach combines modern science, traditional knowledge, and strategic collaborations with national and international partners.
ICARDA innovations include: climate-resilient crops and livestock, water-saving technologies, sustainable agronomic practices, integrated crop-livestock farming systems, and diversified production and value chains. Our Capacity Development Unit also equips farmers, communities, and institutions with the knowledge and skills to climate-proof their agricultural production systems.
ICARDA's international nurseries
At the forefront of ICARDA’s efforts to enhance climate change adaptation is the Center’s crop improvement program, which develops nurseries for a wide range of agricultural systems and distributes them worldwide upon request. This service, an integral part of an international nursery trialing system, offers cooperators an opportunity to evaluate genetically diverse germplasm generated through conventional and modern breeding methodologies under their own agro-ecological conditions and socio-economic contexts.