ICARDA researchers develop and disseminate practical, low-cost options to protect vegetation, soil and water resources, using a people-centered community-led approach that integrates technologies, such as climate-smart crops alongside vegetation, land, and water-management techniques.
ICARDA's research teams also work with agro-pastoral communities to protect rangeland health through unique and integrated resource-conservation technologies. Teams reintroduce indigenous grass, shrub and tree species to degraded landscapes and establish improved crop-livestock grazing, mapping land degradation and desertification, decadal land use changes, and protecting the diversity of landscapes and their specific vulnerabilities.
ICARDA's research mitigate the effects of intensive farming, unsustainable agricultural practices, and chemical use, coupled with diminishing arable land, pollution, and climate change, that threaten soil in many agricultural areas across the globe. In the world's drylands, already highly vulnerable to climate change, these threats are magnified.