Gendered Dimensions of Key Value Chains in Southwestern Morocco

Published Date
April 26, 2018
Type
Book Chapter
Gendered Dimensions of Key Value Chains in Southwestern Morocco
Authors:
Shinan Kassam
Patricia Biermayr-Jenzano, Boubaker Dhehibi, Aden A. Aw-Hassan

The Morocco Green Plan (MGP) has delivered significant economic benefits to small farm
households. A concentration on improving efficiency and profitability within value chains
for key local commodities has, through the creation of women’s cooperatives, also led to
positive outcomes in female empowerment. Through qualitative and participatory research
methods, our analysis of gendered aspects of value chains for argan, rose, cactus, and saffron
in southwestern Morocco suggests that economic empowerment, fostered through
existing women’s cooperatives, is fragile and subject to significant threats. In large part,
this is the result of a state-driven approach that has not effectively considered the inequities
inherent within value chains for key local commodities; and the meshing of existing
social and cultural norms with the tenets of a national drive toward ‘modernization’ of
the agricultural sector. We suggest that the MGP is gender blind in this respect. Couching
value chain enhancement initiatives within an innovation systems framework, as opposed
to a state-centric process, is more likely to achieve well-being within rural communities,
together with sustainable (social and economic) returns within pro-poor value chains.

Citation:
Shinan Kassam, Patricia Biermayr-Jenzano, Boubaker Dhehibi, Aden A. Aw-Hassan. (26/4/2018). Gendered Dimensions of Key Value Chains in Southwestern Morocco, in "agricultural value chain". United Kingdom: InTechOpen.