Toxoplasma gondii infection and toxoplasmosis in North Africa: a review
Toxoplasmosis is an important zoonosis caused by an obligate intracellular parasitic protozoan,
Toxoplasma gondii. It is worldwide distributed in all warm-blooded vertebrates including
humans. The present review aimed to collect, compile and summarize the current data on the
prevalence of T. gondii infection in humans and animals in North Africa. Distribution patterns
and risk factors for Toxoplasma infection were also discussed, focusing on biotic and abiotic
factors in the five North African countries (Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya and Egypt).