Economic efficiency measures and its determinants for irrigated wheat farms in Tunisia: a DEA approach

Published Date
June 30, 2015
Type
Journal Article
Economic efficiency measures and its determinants for irrigated wheat farms in Tunisia: a DEA approach
Authors:
Ali Chebil
Aymen Frija, Chokri Thabet

The objectives of this study are twofold. Firstly, we aim to measure the technical,
scale and economic efficiencies for a sample of 170 cereal farmers in Chebika region
(Central Tunisia) using Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) method. Secondly,
computed efficiency scores are regressed on explanatory variables using a Tobit
model, in order to identify its determinants. Results of the DEA model show that average
technical, allocative and economic efficiencies under constant returns to scale
(CRS) are 70.7%, 85.1% and 59.7%, respectively. By operating at full economic
efficiency levels, the sampled farms would be able to reduce their costs of
wheat production with around 39.3%. Pure technical efficiency, scale and allocative
efficiency levels account respectively for 32.3 %, 34.1% and 33.6 % of the total
cost reductions. Results of the Tobit regression indicate the positive effect, on economic
efficiency, of variety choices, source of irrigation, membership in water
users association, irrigation management and farm size. This suggests that there is
potential to improve production efficiency through developing and implementing
targeted programs for inefficient farmers, intensification of specific and targeted
extension services, and encouragement of farmers’ membership to association.

Citation:
Ali Chebil, Aymen Frija, Chokri Thabet. (30/6/2015). Economic efficiency measures and its determinants for irrigated wheat farms in Tunisia: a DEA approach. New Medit, 14 (2), pp. 32-38.
Keywords:
dea
farm
irrigated
economic efficiency
wheat