Community‐based livestock breeding programmes: essentials and examples

Published Date
April 01, 2015
Type
Journal Article
Community‐based livestock breeding programmes: essentials and examples
Authors:
J. P. Mueller
Barbara Rischkowsky, Aynalem Haile, Jan Philipsson, Ally Okeyo Mwai, Badi Besbes, Anne Valle Zarate, Markos Tibbo, Tadele Mirkena, Gemeda Duguma, Johann Sölkner, Maria Wurzinger

Breeding programmes described as community-based (CBBP) typically relate to low-input systems with farmers having a common interest to improve and share their genetic resources. CBBPs are more frequent with keepers of small ruminants, in particular smallholders of local breeds, than with cattle, pigs or chickens with which farmers may have easier access to alternative programmes. Constraints that limit the adoption of conventional breeding technologies in low-input systems cover a range of organizational and technical aspects. The analysis of 8 CBBPs located in countries of Latin-America, Africa and Asia highlights the importance of bottom-up approaches and involvement of local institutions in the planning and implementation stages. The analysis also reveals a high dependence of these programmes on organizational, technical and financial support. Completely self-sustained CBBPs seem to be difficult to realize. There is a need to implement and document formal socio-economic evaluations of CBBPs to provide governments and other development agencies with the information necessary for creating sustainable CBBPs at larger scales.

Citation:
J. Mueller, Barbara Rischkowsky, Aynalem Haile, Jan Philipsson, Ally Okeyo Mwai, Badi Besbes, Anne Valle Zarate, Markos Tibbo, Tadele Mirkena, Gemeda Duguma, Johann Sölkner, Maria Wurzinger. (1/4/2015). Community‐based livestock breeding programmes: essentials and examples. Journal of Animal Breeding and Genetics, 132 (2), pp. 155-168.
Keywords:
smallholder
participatory breeding
breeding objective
breeding structure
goats
sheep
selection
genetic improvement