Differentiation Among Bean Leafroll Virus Susceptible and Resistant Lentil and Faba Bean Genotypes on the Basis of Virus Movement and Multiplication
Systemic movement of Bean leafroll virus (BLRV) in susceptible and resistant lentil and faba bean genotypes was studied using plants grown in a plastic house. All the plants studied were inoculated with BLRV by viruliferous pea aphids (Acyrthosiphon pisum). Five plants/genotype of lentil and faba bean were harvested, respectively, at 3, 6, 9, 12 and 18 days and 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 weeks after inoculation. Each plant was split into growing point, stem, stem base and root, and each was tested using tissue blot immunoassays (TBIA). Virus concentration in each section was estimated using a 0–3 score and a relative TBIA value was estimated accordingly for each genotype. In susceptible lentil genotypes (ILL 8063 and ILL 2581), BLRV was present in low concentrations in the growing point 3 days after inoculation and in high concentrations in all parts of the plant after 6 days. By contrast, the virus was not detected in the highly resistant genotype (ILL 74) until 18 days after inoculation. In the faba bean genotypes studied, BLRV was detected in high concentrations in all parts of the highly susceptible genotype (Fiord) 1 week after inoculation but only after 3 weeks in resistant genotypes (e.g. BPL 5274), but was not detected in the highly resistant genotypes (BPL 5278 and BPL 5279) 5 weeks after inoculation. The replication and systemic movement of BLRV was thus slower in resistant genotypes than in susceptible genotypes. Moreover, the use of TBIA scores clearly and easily differentiated resistant and susceptible genotypes. Our results suggest that BLRV movement and multiplication can be useful criteria when differentiating resistant from susceptible genotypes. In addition, undertaking the preliminary screening in a plastic house requires less space than direct planting in the field.