Comprehensive analysis of the gene expression profile of wheat at the crossroads of heat, drought and combined stress

Published Date
February 20, 2021
Type
Journal Article
Comprehensive analysis of the gene expression profile of wheat at the crossroads of heat, drought and combined stress
Authors:
Alsamman Alsamman
Ratiba Bousba, Michael Baum, Aladdin Hamwieh, Nourhan Fouad Mahmoud

Heat and drought are among the leading environmental stresses which have a major
impact on plant development. In our research, identification and characterization of differentially
expressed genes (DEGs) regulating the response of wheat to drought, heat and
combined stress was carried out. We analyzed data from the Gene Expression Omnibus
database (GEO) microarrays containing 24 samples of wheat, which were categorized by
different treatments (control: ctrl, drought: D, heat: H, and mixed: HD). Significant DEGs
were examined for gene annotation, gene ontology, co-expression, protein-protein interaction
(PPI) and their heterogeneity and consistency through drought, heat and combined
stress was also studied. Genes such as gyrB, C6orf132 homolog, PYR1 were highly associated
with wheat response to drought with P-value (-log10) of 9.3, 7.3, 6.4, and logFC
of -3.9, 2.0, 1.6, respectively. DEGs associated with drought tolerance were highly related
to the protein domains of lipid-transfer (LTP). Wheat response to heat stress was
strongly associated with genes such as RuBisCO activase B, small heat shock, LTP3,
YLS3, At2g33490, PETH with p-values (-log10) ranging from 9.3 to 12.3. In addition,
a relatively high number of protein interactions involved the SDH, PEPCK, and G6PD
genes under heat stress.

Citation:
Alsamman Alsamman, Ratiba Bousba, Michael Baum, Aladdin Hamwieh, Nourhan Fouad Mahmoud. (20/2/2021). Comprehensive analysis of the gene expression profile of wheat at the crossroads of heat, drought and combined stress. Highlights in BioScience, 4.
Keywords:
combined stress
heat
wheat
drought
gene expression