Genetic Diversity of Iraqi Date Palms Revealed By Microsatellite Polymorphism

Published Date
July 29, 2011
Type
Journal Article
Genetic Diversity of Iraqi Date Palms Revealed By Microsatellite Polymorphism
Authors:
H. Khierallah
Saleh M. Bader, Michael Baum, Aladdin Hamwieh

Genetic diversity in 30 date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) cultivars in Iraq representing 24 female and six
male cultivars was investigated using 22 microsatellite [simple sequence repeat (SSR)] primers. The tested SSR
markers showed a high level of polymorphism. A total of 188 alleles were detected at the 22 loci ranging from three to
21 with an average of 8.54 alleles per locus. The average of heterozygosity for all cultivars was 0.503; genetic distance
among cultivars varied from 0.171 to 0.938 indicating diverse relationships. The cultivar Ghanami Akhder was highly
divergent from ‘Ghnami Ahmer’, whereas ‘Jamal Al-Dean’ was very closely related to ‘Qitaz’. Unweighted pair
group method arithmetic average ordered date palm cultivars into two main clusters. Principal coordinate analysis
exhibited the similar clusters of cultivars as in the dendrogram

Citation:
H. Khierallah, Saleh M. Bader, Michael Baum, Aladdin Hamwieh. (29/7/2011). Genetic Diversity of Iraqi Date Palms Revealed By Microsatellite Polymorphism. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science, 136(4), pp. 282-287.