The Impacts of an Improved Technology Package on Production Efficiency: The Case of Wheat Farms in the Northern State of Sudan

Published Date
November 25, 2013
Type
Journal Article
The Impacts of an Improved Technology Package on Production Efficiency: The Case of Wheat Farms in the Northern State of Sudan
Authors:
Elrashid A. Fageer
Boubaker Dhehibi, Ahmed Mazid, Abdalraheem A. Hussein, Aden A. Aw-Hassan

Technical efficiency among wheat farms in the Northern State of Sudan was estimated using a
stochastic frontier production function approach. Empirical findings show that technical inefficiency is
important in explaining the variations in yield among a sample of 100 wheat farms. Specifically, there was an
average yield difference of 23% that can be bridged in the short-run only by removing the causes of inefficiency
among farms. Average technical efficiency among improved technology package adopters is 94%, which is
quite higher than the 67% of non-adopters. Technical efficiency was 96% for participant farmers and 72% for
non-participant farmers in the ‘Enhancing Food Security in Arab Countries’ project. The average yield losses
because of inefficiency are 0.5 ton ha 1 for adopters and 3.8 ton ha 1 for non-adopters. Proper extension
services, farmer training and availability of finance are the most significant factors that affect technical
efficiency in the study area. At the current levels of input use, an average loss of about 1.47 ton ha 1 could
be prevented by improving the extension services and technology transfer activities. These results have
important policy and institutional implications for governments, non-governmental organizations and extension
agents working in the area as it could guide their decisions and areas of focus in the future.

Citation:
Elrashid A. Fageer, Boubaker Dhehibi, Ahmed Mazid, Abdalraheem A. Hussein, Aden A. Aw-Hassan. (25/11/2013). The Impacts of an Improved Technology Package on Production Efficiency: The Case of Wheat Farms in the Northern State of Sudan. American-Eurasian journal of agricultural & environmental sciences, 13(8), pp. 1114-1123.