Assessment of somaclonal variation and stability in in vitro regenerated grass pea plants using SDS-PAGE

Published Date
August 27, 2014
Type
Journal Article
Assessment of somaclonal variation and stability in in vitro regenerated grass pea plants using SDS-PAGE
Authors:
Surendra Barpete
N. C. Sharma, Shiv Kumar Agrawal

Tissue culture may be one of the possible sources of variation for crop improvement. To assess
variation and stability in regenerated plants, shoots were regenerated from the callus derived from
axillary explants of 11 grasspea genotypes, and their shoot protein profiles were compared with
those of seed cultured plants. The highest response of callus induction (87%) was observed when 2.0
mg/l2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid(2,4-D) and 0.25 mg/l BAP were supplemented in Murashige
and Skoog’s (MS) medium. -naphthaleneacetic acid(NAA) and 6-benzylaminopurine(BAP) showed
variable redifferentiation response along with callus formation. The MS medium supplemented with
0.5 mg/l BAP showed better multiplication and elongation of shoots.Sodium dodecyl sulphate
polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) analysis showed a unique protein band of 43 kDa in
both tissue and seed cultured plants of Pusa 24. Polypeptide banding pattern of regenerated plants
from 11 grasspea genotypes did not deviate from the banding pattern of parental seed protein.
Similarity coefficient values ranged from 0.37 to 0.85 with a mean of 0.43 among the 55 genotypic
combinations. Comparison of protein bands between calli raised regenerated shoots and parental
seeds revealed the absence of somaclonal variation in regenerated plants, suggesting that the
regeneration protocol used in the present study can be used for genomics enabled improvement in
grasspea without the risk of additional variation or instability.

Citation:
Surendra Barpete, N. Sharma, Shiv Kumar Agrawal. (27/8/2014). Assessment of somaclonal variation and stability in in vitro regenerated grass pea plants using SDS-PAGE. Legume Research, 37(4), pp. 345-352.