Breeding programs for smallholder sheep farming systems: I. Evaluation of alternative designs of breeding schemes

Published Date
October 31, 2014
Type
Journal Article
Breeding programs for smallholder sheep farming systems: I. Evaluation of alternative designs of breeding schemes
Authors:
Solomon Gizaw Assefa
Barbara Rischkowsky, Anne Valle Zarate, Aynalem Haile, Johan van Arendonk, Ally Okeyo Mwai, Tadelle Dessie

Village- and central nucleus-based schemes were simulated and evaluated
for their relative bio-economic efficiencies, using Ethiopia’s Menz sheep as
example. The schemes were: village-based 2-tier (Scheme-1) and 1-tier
(Scheme-2) cooperative village breeding schemes, dispersed village-based
nuclei scheme (Scheme-3), conventional 2-tier central nucleus-based
scheme (Scheme-4), and schemes linking a central nucleus and village
multiplier nuclei with selection in central nucleus (Scheme-5) or in both
central and village nuclei (Scheme-6). Among village-based schemes,
Scheme-1 gave the highest genetic progress, while Scheme-2 was economically
the most efficient with genetic gain in the breeding objective of Birr
5.6 and a profit of Birr 37.2/ewe/year. The central nucleus schemes were
more efficient than the village schemes. Scheme-4 was the most efficient
with genetic gain in the breeding objective of Birr 13.5 and a profit of Birr
71.2, but is operationally more difficult as it requires a very large central
nucleus. The choice between village and central nucleus-based schemes
would depend on local conditions (availability of infrastructure, logistics
and technical knowhow and support). Linking central nucleus with village-
based nuclei (Scheme-6) would be a feasible option to overcome the
operational difficulties of the conventional central nucleus scheme. If a village-
based breeding program is envisaged as should be the 1st step in most
low-input systems, then Scheme-2 is the most efficient. To scale out to an
entire Menz breed level, Scheme-3 would be recommended.

Citation:
Solomon Gizaw Assefa, Barbara Rischkowsky, Anne Valle Zarate, Aynalem Haile, Johan van Arendonk, Ally Okeyo Mwai, Tadelle Dessie. (31/10/2014). Breeding programs for smallholder sheep farming systems: I. Evaluation of alternative designs of breeding schemes. Journal of Animal Breeding and Genetics, 131 (5), pp. 341-349.
Keywords:
breeding programs
smallholder system
sheep