The use of the microcatchment water harvesting for fodder shrub production

Published Date
December 31, 2011
Type
Book Chapter
The use of the microcatchment water harvesting for fodder shrub production
Authors:
Y Al-Satari
Mohammed Mudabber, Theib Oweis, A. Al-Kabneh, A. Al-Rossan, Y Naser, Mohammed Karrou

The Badia constitutes about 90% of the total land area of Jordan, which is 89 342 km2. Its average annual rainfall is < 200 mm. The area with annual rainfall of 100–200 mm is considered the promising rangeland for rehabilitation. The Badia (part of the rangeland) supplies the livestock sector with about 20% of forage needs, while all the other sources provide the sector with only about 5% of forage.
Fodder shrubs in the low rainfall areas are subject to water shortage, overgrazing, and coppicing. Within the rangeland, 1 ha of shrubs produces about 0.5 t of fresh forage and increases the feed productivityas compared to the pasture without shrubs. Fodder shrub plantations, in addition to their role in range protection, have increased productivity by 500% as compared to unprotected rangeland (Ministry of Agriculture, 2005).

Citation:
Y Al-Satari, Mohammed Mudabber, Theib Oweis, A. Al-Kabneh, A. Al-Rossan, Y Naser, Mohammed Karrou. (31/12/2011). The use of the microcatchment water harvesting for fodder shrub production, in "Rehabilitation and integrated management of dry rangelands environments with water harvesting. Community-based optimization of the management of scarce water resources in agriculture in Central and West Asia and North Africa. Report no. 9. ". Aleppo, Syria: International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA).
Keywords:
shrub
badia
rainfal
socioeconomics
benchmark sites
soil
water
fodder
grazing
drought
land use
livestock
rehabilitation
farming systems
water harvesting
natural resources
impact assessment