Improved water and land productivities in the saline areas of the Nile Delta

Published Date
December 31, 2011
Type
Book Chapter
Improved water and land productivities in the saline areas of the Nile Delta
Authors:
Rashad Abo El-Enein
Mohamed Sherif, Mohammed Karrou, Theib Oweis, Bogachan Benli, Manzoor Qadir, Hamid Farahani

The study was conducted in El-Serw (New Alexandria) located about 32 km south of Damietta, Damietta Governorate, El-Manzala Lake is to the east, Dakahlia Governorate lies to the south, and to the west are El-Sharqawia canal and the Nile River.
The selected site has the general characteristics of marginal lands:
• Drainage system problems;
• High water table;
• Increased soil salinity;
• Seawater intrusion;
• Pollution due to extensive use of chemicals; low water quality;
• Available water increases relatively in winter;
• Tail-end canal problems become less acute, especially in summer;
• All farmers use surface irrigation systems.
The area under study is about 8000 ha, which represents about 15% of the total cultivated area. According to the Agricultural Census of 2000, the area of El-Talamza is about 342 feddan, El-Sibakhat is about 871 feddan and the ‘Out of area served’ region is about 498 feddan.

Citation:
Rashad Abo El-Enein, Mohamed Sherif, Mohammed Karrou, Theib Oweis, Bogachan Benli, Manzoor Qadir, Hamid Farahani. (31/12/2011). Improved water and land productivities in the saline areas of the Nile Delta, in "Water Benchmarks of CWANA- Improving Water and Land Productivities Improving Water and Land Productivities in Irrigated Systems - Number 10". Aleppo, Syria: Agricultural Research Center Egypt (ARC Egypt).
Keywords:
nile valley
socioeconomics
benchmark sites
water
drought
salinity
land use
saline soils
farming systems
land management
water harvesting
water management
impact assessment
water use efficiency