Research Team Leader of Rangeland Ecology and Forages

Dr. Mounir Louhaichi has more than 25 years of experience in rangeland ecology and management, including over 10 years conducting research on alternative technologies for improved natural resource management.

is research focuses on documenting the indigenous knowledge of pastoral communities, rangeland restoration and governance; developing non-destructive techniques for monitoring and assessing rangeland plant communities; promoting agro-forestry practices and cactus pear as a multi-purpose species in agro-pastoral livelihood systems; and characterizing key rangeland species.

Prior to joining ICARDA in 2008, Dr. Louhaichi was a researcher at Oregon State University in the United States where he also worked with the Bureau of Land Management, the US Forest Service, US Geological Survey, and the US Department of Agriculture on various projects.

Dr. Louhaichi has authored more than 150 scientific and technical publications, including journal articles and training manuals. He is a certified GIS professional with a focus on landscape ecology and its applications for monitoring and assessing rangeland vegetation, herd movement across landscapes, and the impacts of climate change.

In 2013, Dr. Louhaichi was nominated deputy general coordinator for the FAO-ICARDA Cactus Network in Palermo, Italy. In 2015, he received an honorary faculty appointment from Oregon State University’s Department of Animal and Range Sciences, and in 2016 was elected vice president of the International Rangeland Congress in Saskatoon. He is a recipient of several awards and honors. Dr. Louhaichi holds a Ph.D. in rangeland ecology and management from Oregon State University.

Mounir Louhaichi's Publications

Does Maturity Change the Chemical-Bromatological Makeup of Cladodes in Spineless Forage Cactus?
Vegetation dynamics under different management interventions in arid rangelands of Rajasthan
Predicted farmer uptake of new agricultural practices: case of silvo-pastoral technologies in Rajasthan, India
Impact of Grazing Regimes, Landscape Aspect, and Elevation on Plant Life Form Types in Managed Arid Montane Rangelands
Impact of rangeland enclosure and seasonal grazing on protected and  unprotected rangelands in Chakwal region, Pakistan
Evaluation of rainwater harvesting and shrub establishment methods for  sustainable watershed management in northern Afghanistan
Survival, morphological variability, and performance of Opuntia ficus-indica in a semi-arid region of India
Benefits of Short-Duration, High-Stocking Rate Opportunistic Grazing on Arid Rangelands During Favorable Conditions
Tapping into the Environmental Co-benefits of Improved Tropical Forages for an Agroecological Transformation of Livestock Production Systems
Enhancing sustainability and fodder production of lowland pastures through fencing and conservation agriculture in arid agro-pastoral ecosystems
Characterizing biomass yield and nutritional value of selected indigenous range species from arid Tunisia
Aloe vera L. (Asphodelaceae): Supplementation of in-vitro culture medium with Aloe vera gel for production of genetically stable plants
Cactus Pear (Opuntia ficus-indica) Productivity, Proximal Composition and Soil Parameters as Affected by Planting Time and Agronomic Management in a Semi-Arid Region of India
Effect of slope aspect on vegetation characteristics in mountain  rangelands of Tajikistan: considerations for future ecological management  and restoration
Rosemary essential oil enhances culture establishment and inhibits contamination and enzymatic browning: Applications for in vitro propagation of Aloe vera L.
Rangeland Biodiversity and Climate Variability: Supporting the Need for Flexible Grazing Management
Assessment of long-term protection on the aboveground biomass and organic carbon content using two non-destructive techniques: case of the Sidi Toui National Park in southern Tunisia
Botanical Composition and Species Diversity of Arid and Desert Rangelands in Tataouine, Tunisia
Community diversity, functional traits and adaptation of Stipa tenacissima L. under different grazing regimes in a North African arid montane rangeland
Assessment of soil surface scarification and reseeding with sulla (Hedysarum coronarium L.) of degraded Mediterranean semi-arid rangelands
The Effect of Soil Volume Availability on Opuntia ficus-indica Canopy and Root Growth
Effect of nurse crops and seeding rate on the persistence, productivity and nutritive value of sainfoin in a cereal-based production system
Predicting Spatial Risk of Wolf-Cattle Encounters and Depredation
Finding a Suitable Niche for Cultivating Cactus Pear (Opuntia ficus‐indica) as an Integrated Crop in Resilient Dryland Agroecosystems of India
Finding a Suitable Niche for Cultivating Cactus Pear (Opuntia ficus-indica) as an Integrated Crop in Resilient Dryland Agroecosystems of India
Effect of grass reseeding on dry matter production and species composition of a community rangeland in Jodhpur, Rajasthan
Impacts of bracteole removal and seeding rate on seedling emergence of halophyte shrubs: implications for rangeland rehabilitation in arid environments
Farmers’ adoption of sulla (Hedysarum coronarium L.) cultivation as an alternative livestock feed
Digital Diffusion for Inclusive Agroecosystems
Book Chapter
November 28, 2018

The technological advancements in agriculture have resulted in higher yields but lower ecological efficiency and nutritional value. Little innovations in later sectors such as integrating ecological functions in the production systems have crippled...

Diversity of desert rangelands of Tunisia
Journal Article
November 03, 2018

Plants are important components of any rangeland. However, the importance of desert rangeland plant diversity has often been underestimated. It has been argued that desert rangelands of Tunisia in good ecological condition provide more services than...

Adoption and Utilization of Cactus Pear in South Asia—Smallholder Farmers’ Perceptions
A reliable and non-destructive method for estimating forage shrub cover and biomass in arid environments using digital vegetation charting technique
Comparing yield and growth characteristics of four pastoral plant species under two salinity soil levels
Nutrient intake and utilization in sheep fed opuntia [Opuntia ficus-indica (L.) Mill.] in combination with conventional green and dry fodders
Impact of grazing on soil, vegetation and ewe production performances in a semi-arid rangeland
Is long-term protection useful for the regeneration of disturbed plant communities in dry areas?
Crop ecology, cultivation and uses of cactus pear
October 20, 2017

Climate change is one of the biggest challenges the world must meet today and in the future. Prolonged droughts and desertification are among the issues faced by many countries, especially in Africa and Asia, where the rural poor and smallholders are...

Seed germination behaviour as influenced by physical and chemical treatments in Grewia tenax (Forssk.)
Cactus ecosystem goods and services
Book Chapter
March 30, 2017

The Cactaceae family includes about 1 600 species native to America but disseminated worldwide. Opuntia is the most widely known genus in this family and O.ficus-indica (L.) Mill. is cultivated in more than 20 countries (Nefzaoui et al., 2014). Cacti...

Spatial Occupancy Patterns and Activity of Arid Rangeland Cattle Grazing Small Riparian Pastures
Antifungal activity of essential oil from Tunisian myrtle (Myrtus communis L.)
Cattle use of perennial streams and associated riparian areas on a northeastern Oregon landscape
Cattle use of off-stream water developments across a northeastern Oregon landscape
Financial incentives: Possible options for sustainable rangeland management?
A Knowledge-Based Approach for Mapping Land Degradation in the Arid Rangelands of North Africa
Measurement of the aboveground biomass of some rangeland species using a digital nondestructive technique
Grasslands in 'Old World' and 'New World' Mediterranean-climate zones: past trends, current status and future research priorities
Rangelands of Central Asia: challenges and opportunities.
Journal Article
February 01, 2016

Rangelands of Central Asia (referring to Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan in this study), the largest contiguous area of grazed land in the world, serve as an important source of livelihood for pastoral and agro...

Effects of salinity and drought on early seedling growth and survival of Artemisia herbaalba
Direct seeding of Salsola vermiculata for rehabilitation of degraded arid and semi-arid rangelands
Livestock Migration in the Arid Region of Rajasthan (India) - Strategy to Cope with Fodder and Water Scarcity -
Intake pattern and nutrient supply of lactating sheep selecting dried forage from woody plants and straw offered in binary or multiple choice
Cactus as a Tool to Mitigate Drought and to Combat Desertification
The Tribe - Platform of Participatory Local Development and Management of Communal Rangeland Resources
Mediterranean forest mapping using hyper-spectral satellite imagery
Influence of experience on intake and feeding behavior of dairy sheep when offered forages from woody plants in a multiple-choice situation1
Monitoring Restoration Impacts to Endemic Plant Communities in Soil Inclusions of Arid Environments
Assessing the risk of flooding in Central Tunisia
Journal Article
November 26, 2013

Digital elevation models (DEM) can be used to derive a wealth of information about land surface morphology. When analyzed using GIS information about stream channels and watersheds it can determine the flow of water over the Earth’s surface...

Reliability of Yield Mapping System for Estimating Perennial Ryegrass Seed Yield
The vulnerability of native rangeland plant species to global climate change in the West Asia and North African regions
Effect of livestock grazing on plant cover and species diversity in desert rangelands: A case study of Musawar Al Ottoria in Qatar
Evaluation of deficit irrigation for efficient sheep production from permanent sown pastures in a dry continental climate
Effect of protection on plant community dynamics in the Mediterranean arid zone of southern Tunisia: a case study from Bou Hedma national park
Role of GPS in monitoring livestock migration
Journal Article
January 29, 2013

Satellite-based technique of global positioning systems (GPS) is useful for tracking long-distance livestock movement across the grazing routes md to study the specific needs of livestock herders. There are two kinds of GPS tracking systems: live md...

Initial Assessment of Medicinal Plants Across the Libyan Mediterranean Coast